Future vehicles will be always connected, autonomous and equipped with a variety of sensor systems collecting and processing a large amount of data. Hence research and development of connected and autonomous vehicles intersects in many areas with the ongoing efforts of the Fog Computing community. This presentation provides a complete overview over the development of autonomous vehicles from fiction over research and to product development. The idea of autonomous vehicles is already 100 years old but was initially explored only in fiction. The first technical experiments started in the 1950s but research using environment sensing did not start until the 1980s. Advanced driver assistance systems finally entered production vehicles in the late 1990s. Then, the DARPA Grand and Urban Challenges sparked the transition to technical development of fully autonomous vehicles, which was originally spearheaded by Google. Recent years now saw the formation of a whole industry around automated vehicles, made up of traditional automotive players as well as new ones, including many startups. In the last few months, the landscape has changed even more dramatically with many partnerships forming and acquisitions in the multibillion dollar range, all betting on the unprecedented success of automated vehicles in the next few years. The talk finishes with a summary of the unsolved questions both from a technical and non-technical perspective.